SOS FROM THE OTOMI TOLTEC LAND. STOP THE HIGHWAY IN XOCHICUAUHTLA
The April 11, 2016
People of the Letter Otomi peoples of the four directions
First dawn in the history of American and world history,
We are the first people the oldest of Mexico and the world,
Culture We are a mother with a distant past that is woven into the mists of time.
We are sacred seeds that have been sown and germinated here, from the first humanity.
We come from the clan Otomi. We are a First Nation direct descendant of great civilizations called Olmec, Toltec and Teotihuacan.
We have a collective memory and historical awareness, cultural heritage, with deep wisdom and the deep roots of the old tree, as Ahuehuete the Ocote and Maguey, Jä’mu fruit (Time) and Habu (Area) we have been planted since the beginning of time by the Great Spirit, Mahkihmu, daughters and son of Mahkita and Mahkimé, came and always guided by TataHyadi, Mahkimehoi, Domezänä, Mahki Ndähi, Mahkitsibi, Mahkidehe.
With the support of our ancestors, we were born here to be and to live. We know where we come from and where we are going.
Despite the colonial and neocolonial onslaught, invasions, wars of conquest and extermination, we suffered for the past five centuries, we, the Otomi, have managed to preserve ancient wisdom, our traditional forms of social organization, sensitivity to harmony, beauty and sacredness of the universe, love and respect for Mother Earth and all living beings.
We know that everything is connected, everything that happens to plants People, animals, minerals affects the world of spirits of nature, our ancestors and of course, affects all our daughters and our son, our children, until ‘seven generations after us, affects our families, clans, communities, regions, affects our unity and our existence as a people.
Attentive and concerned by recent events, we denounce the acts of ethnocide and ecocide bad leaders who exercise a neo-colonial power .As all their predecessors colonial groups, political and economic, they put once again our Otomi people in a situation which threatens the integrity of our lands and territories, our ethnic and social cohesion, they trample the dignity of our families and communities, they jeopardize our tangible and intangible culture, the ancestral spirituality and vision of the cosmic world. Our survival, our present and our future as a people are in danger.
How do they make this ethnocide, genocide and crimes against humanity?
Like their ancestors Conquistadors, who thought all they saw was theirs, who wanted to possess, conquer and invade our territory, they continue to do so, they steal, expropriate the Earth, with deception, with perverse laws for illegitimate and unjust interests.
Mexican laws are racist, discriminatory, they are made to justify the dispossession and impunity. They were created to reduce and limit the full enjoyment and respect for our rights.
Monday, April 11 2016, the Mexican Government, represented by Enrique Peña Nieto, President of the Republic, and Eruviel Avila Villegas, Governor of the State of Mexico, sent 600 armed policemen to protect the entrance of bulldozers in the Otomi community Xochicuauhtla for the construction of a new highway. This is a continuation of actions that constitute a crime against humanity, started by the Conquistadors there are already five centuries, and continue lately with the political and economic groups, controlled by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Atlacomulco group. These two represent and protect the interests of the elite and the economic interests of multinationals. In this particular case, the President of the Republic and the Governor impose this project by force and violence. This benefits the industrial construction and friends as Juan Armando Hinojosa Cantu, owner Higa Group, recently involved in the global tax evasion scandal of “Panama papers.”
Xochicuauhtla the community and the people of the community Otomi mountains, high plateaus of the valley of Toluca, and communities along the great river Lerma resist for forty years to avoid the destruction of their ancestral territory, their sacred sites and a chain of mountains that feeds the rivers constituting their source of drinking water for consumption and irrigation.
Already in the fifties, the government created without consultation and without our agreement, hundreds of wells to extract water for the needs of large cities. This caused the draining of lands, where a worrying decline in the fertility of our soil that threatens our food sovereignty. Now the water is between 20 and 400 meters deep. Lately, we have seen the many sources drying up and many rivers are now dried up, except during the rainy season.
Furthermore, the warm waters of the cooling systems of our baths were installed in order to send water to major cities for domestic use.
The government has done everything to control the water resources of our territory, previously managed with care by our communities to impose the purchase of water, a natural resource of free and open access. Those who do not have the financial means are deprived of water. The government commits a slow, insidious genocide which reduces the ability of our people to exercise their self-determination and that separates us from nature, natural harmony and sacred bond between our people, our Mother Earth and the four elements as vital water.
The grip of the capitalist system, promoted by the government, starting with the diversion of natural water resources for large industries, for the sale of water to households, then continues with the sale of bottled water, to sweetened beverages (Coca Cola, Pepsicola …), which led, among the Otomi people and throughout Mexico, the emergence of public health problems as serious as diabetes.
The peasants saw themselves proposed government list of their land to receive grants and financial compensation in case of loss of crops. In consideration of this administrative procedure, the government required that farmers purchase and use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified seeds. On the one hand the increase of agricultural inputs and declining crop prices, on the other hand the decrease in soil fertility, caused an impoverishment of farmers, who desert their lands.
The genocide caused by this system, said progress, manifested through the obligation by people buying food products from industry, lower quality and even unhealthy because of “empty calories”, the presence of pollutants and chemical food additives, this for the sole benefit of large agri-food groups such as Nestlé, Bimbo, Maseca, McDonalds … All this causes the deterioration of health with the onset of obesity, malnutrition, cancer, other diseases of civilization and premature mortality.
The Otomi people have experienced the loss of a huge territory from the invasion of the Conquistadors and, in the vicinity of Mexico City, he now suffers from the expansion of cities and projects imposed by the government, always for the benefit of richer. So he lived forced expropriation, he was driven from his land for the establishment of industrial zones, commercial and urban. Such is the case of Toluca-Lerma Industrial Park where it is located hundreds of companies and many multinational companies, the complex “Fraccionamento” and the field of golf club Los Encinos oligarchy and subdivisions as Fraccionamento Las Trojes to Temoaya, by the river. This development has taken agricultural land and the government accepted the creation of two wells, which has dried up our fields. Now is the threat to impose a new housing project in the grounds of the former Rancho El Cordero, also Temoaya, knowing that it will cause water shortages for our communities, a new pollution and the increased crime and insecurity.
For decades, these industries discharge their toxic effluent into our sacred river Dathe Rio Lerma who now is completely poisoned, this ecocide and continues every day with impunity by the corrupt government.
The Otomi have become simple workers with low wages to enrich the bosses who have despoiled. Their ancestral land, which was a living earth, is now an urbanized land, polluted and dead, when our people trying to survive while resisting assimilation and extermination.
The construction of the Toluca International Airport caused the breakup of our communities, and now, families are uprooted, separated and isolated in small apartments. This loss of our territory entails the alteration of the conditions and ways of life of our communities. Their cultural and spiritual identity disintegrates and it follows an irrecoverable loss of diversity, richness of civilizations and ancestral Aboriginal cultures, which constitute the common heritage of mankind.
Lately, conflict between our communities and the government have taken on a new dimension because of the lack of water and traditional food, healthy and local. It is unacceptable that the authorities cause such degradation of our living conditions and lead to a shortage of water and local food resources, so that our earth is a living earth, fertile and generous.
Each square meter of land ravaged, each new tree, every pine, cedar each, every tree, cut or grubbed adds to the loss of millions of others, it affects the natural balance of ecosystems, biodiversity, all forms of life and the harmonious and vital relationship of our people with the mineral, vegetable, animal and Nature Spirits.
Each source or river, dried up or polluted, is an affront to all living beings and causes an insidious genocide. These seventy years, riparian communities have contracted diseases and epidemics related to river pollution. Many plant and animal species have disappeared, and many people died.
The Mexican government and the State of Mexico are directly responsible for this situation where, only in the valley of Toluca, 5 million people, and in the Valley of Mexico almost 35 million people are exposed every day, and more , these deadly risks. Pollution of water, soil, air affects the health of millions of people who find themselves weakened, patients with serious and fatal lung and digestive diseases.
Genocide and ecocide against the Otomi people are manifested through projects such as artificial communication channels (highways, airport …), dams, industrial and commercial zones and urbanization zones. These economic development projects are a form of retribution politicians to industry groups who supported them, which is a form of corruption. Under the pretext of progress under the pretext of land use such as improving communication channels, the government commits whenever genocide and ecocide when expelled our communities and families from their ancestral land which is devastated afterwards. This uprooting led to the irreparable loss of our livelihoods, our independence, our identity, our dignity. The realization of these projects affect the self-determination of our peoples and violates fundamental human rights and indigenous peoples.
All this is the consequence of an oligarchic authoritarian, neo-colonialism that seeks to impose a world order in which money, lies, corruption, forced passage and violence are the foundation.
Modernity, progress, excessive industrialization, technology in all its power by the means and the alibi. This modernity is presented as the absolute model of progress, and money is the first and only value. Our Otomi People undergoing this neo-colonial economy and neoliberal model that supports the Mexican government imposes and that leads to genocide and ecocide. The agreements, signed and implemented without any prior consultation, as was the case for NAFTA (the Free Trade Agreement of North American signed between Canada, USA and Mexico) and the free trade agreement TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership; PTP french Trans-Pacific Partnership) benefit only to multinationals, banks and the Mexican and global oligarchy.
The President of the Republic and the Governor of the State of Mexico simply deny the principle of Free Prior Informed Consent and Enlightened. Yet it is now widely accepted that indigenous peoples must be consulted when development activities may affect their rights and they must have the ability to grant or withhold their free, prior and informed consent to the realization of activities taking place on the land or having an impact on the resources on which they depend.
Two legal proceedings have been filed by the Otomi people and the court decided to stop the motorway works and the temporary suspension of the order to expropriate 36 hectares of inhabited land, farm and wild, which has not respected: President and Governor decided to go into force. It is an act of denial of justice, an act of terrorism of state and government, with the sole intention of serving the financial and economic interests of their friends Higa group.
As the President of Mexico, Germany, inaugurated an exhibition of Mayan Culture and praised the greatness of the native civilizations, he gave the Governor the authority that would allow to raze the houses of Otomi, destroy sacred sites, shrines and a church, and to continue the work of the highway. 600 armed police came to deter and prevent any opposition that could enter the bulldozers and workers. If the Xochicuauhtla community had not responded massively with the help of other communities and organizations defending the rights of the Otomi people, the sacred and the church were destroyed. By against the houses, still containing all the affairs of their inhabitants, were razed.
Decisions and genocide and ethnocide acts against the Otomi people and indigenous peoples, the President of Mexico and the Governor of the state of violent Mexico:
– The Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
– The International Convention against All Forms of Racial Discrimination
of 21 December 1965;
– The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
– The UNESCO Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural
and natural, of 16 November 1972;
– All the articles of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peoples
– The Inter-American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;
– Convention 169 concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the Organization
International Labour including Part II on land;
– And the Convention of Biological Diversity of the United Nations, including
Excerpts from the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Otomi show how those people are violated:
capitalist globalization model = = standardization of peoples
Affirming that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples, while recognizing the right of all peoples to be different, to consider themselves different and to be respected as such
Otomi people, the oldest of Mexico and the Earth, world heritage
Affirming also that all peoples contribute to the diversity and richness of civilizations and cultures, which constitute the common heritage of humanity
Invasion of the Conquistadors
Concerned that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result, among other things, colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, which the
prevented from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests
Modernity, progress, economic development go against Indigenous Peoples
Recognizing the urgent need to respect and promote the inherent rights of indigenous peoples which derive from their political, economic and social and culture, spiritual traditions, histories and philosophies, especially their rights to their lands, territories and resources
Oppression insidious, slowly progressive, which impoverishes the ways of life of indigenous peoples, at all levels
Welcoming the fact that indigenous peoples are organizing to improve their position on the political, economic, social, cultural and end all forms of discrimination and
oppression wherever they occur
The people who should have their self-determination in their lives, are actually controlled by the state
Convinced that control by indigenous peoples over developments affecting them and their lands, territories and resources will enable them to maintain and strengthen their institutions,
their culture and traditions and promote their development in accordance with their aspirations and needs
Uprooting imposed by force and / or urbanization of their natural territory
Considering that respect for indigenous knowledge, cultures and traditional practices contributes to development sustainable and equitable development of the environment and proper management
economic, social and cultural development completely upset by the big projects of development of their territory imposed by the government.
Noting that the United Nations Charter, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, affirm the fundamental importance of the right of all peoples to self-determination, by virtue of which they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural
No harmonious relations (decisions taken by the government without consultation), but lies and corruption: decisions are made between men of power
“Do not do with the other is doing against the other”
Convinced that the recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples in this Declaration will enhance harmonious and cooperative relations between States and indigenous peoples based on principles of justice, democracy, respect for human rights, non- discrimination and good faith
Recourse to the International Court of Justice in The Hague
Encouraging States to comply with and effectively implement all their obligations apply to indigenous peoples under international instruments, particularly those relating to human rights, in consultation and cooperation with the peoples concerned,
under international instruments, particularly those relating to human rights, in consultation and cooperation with the peoples concerned
collective rights violated because the communities are dispersed, because of the loss of their land and lifestyle change
Recognizing and reaffirming that indigenous individuals are entitled without discrimination to all human rights recognized in international law, and that indigenous peoples have
collective rights that are indispensable for their existence, well-being and integral development as peoples.
After this state of overwhelming places and examples of flagrant violation of the rights of the Otomi people, we demand the immediate intervention of the United Nations and the International Court of Justice in The Hague for Enrique Peña Nieto, President of the Republic and Eruviel Avila Villegas, Governor of the State of Mexico are tried for crimes against humanity, namely ecocide and genocide against the people Otomi, and also for the violation of human rights, rights indigenous peoples and nature that is contained in the declarations, conventions and agreement mentioned above.
We demand the annulment of the decree of expropriation of our lands from the hand of Enrique Peña Nieto, as well as the immediate and permanent discontinuation of the highway construction project on the territory Xochicuauhtla Otomi and other Otomi communities.
We demand the unconditional respect of all our rights as indigenous people, including the rights to self-determination, sovereignty and independence of our lands and territories, free management of our environment, housing, social, cultural and spiritual.
We demand the end of this war of extermination insidious in the name of so-called progress and economic development, the end of terrorism the Government of Mexico and the State of Mexico, the end of all forms of discrimination, racism and violence against our communities.
We want to live in peace, justice and dignity for all peoples, and in perfect harmony with nature.
Otomi Toltec Indian Nation
& International Committee in Solidarity of the Otomi Toltec Olmec Teotihuacan People